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 Best of Five 121

 

   

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BOF: 121

A patient presents with  tiredness, dizziness, headache, visual disturbance, impotence and decreased facial hair. On examination he has a blood pressure of 110/70 lying 80/ 60 standing. On examination of his visual fields he is found to have a bitemporal hemianopia. In this patient the prolactin level is 4000 mIU/L. An insulin tolerance test is performed and the blood glucose levels falls to 1.2 mmol/L and the patient becomes sweaty and tachycardic. Blood taken at this time would show:

a)      Absent cortisol response

b)      Exaggerated cortisol response

c)      Increased thyroxine release

d)      Attenuated thyroxine release

e)      Exaggerated growth hormone release

Answer:

a)

The combination of headache, bitemporal hemianopia and the prolactin level of > 3,600 mIU/L suggests the patient has a macroadenoma. Chromophobe adenoma and acidophil adenoma can produce prolactin.  This patient is likely to have an impaired response to the insulin tolerance test as prolactinoma may cause hyposecrestion of other hormones.   It is likely that this patient has corticotrophin deficiency as he has features that are suggestive of this (tiredness, dizziness, low blood pressure with postural drop)

Last Updated: 08/07/04

Author: Host

 

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