An 80-year-old male presents with a history of dyspnoea
and fatigue. On examination you find that the patient has a collapsing pulse
with positive Corrigan’s sign. The pulse pressure is wide. The JVP is not
elevated, his apex beat is displaced and thrusting in nature. On auscultation
the second heart sound is soft, there is a third heart sound and an
ejection click, a soft ejection systolic murmur and an early diastolic
murmur. The first heart sound is not loud and there is nor opening snap. At
the mitral area a mid-diastolic murmur is audible.
Lungs are clear on auscultation.
In this patient which of the following is not an
indicator of severity?
Soft second heart sound
Third heart sound
Mid-diastolic murmur at the apex
Wide pulse pressure