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 BOF 19

 

   

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BOF 19
The urinary bladder may be involved in many central and peripheral neurological diseases, all are true, except:
1-the pelvic parasympathetic nerves stimulation causes bladder emptying
2-The L1 and L2 sympathetic outflow mediates bladder relaxation
3- S2, 3 and 4 sacral spinal cord lesions cause urinary retention as opposed to higher lesions which cause hyper excitable bladder
4-in acute spinal cord trans-section, urinary retention is rare, but urgency and frequency is much more common
5-neurogenic bladder in paraplegics is at a risk of future development of urinary bladder cancer


 

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