young female who is known to have Turnerís syndrome is seen in the clinic. You
have a medical student in with you and he asks you what cardiac abnormalities
may occur in this condition.
reply that the main abnormalities are coarctation of the aorta, bicuspid
aortic valve and:
Ventricular septal defect
Atrial septal defect
Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy