Large bowel infarction
Irritable bowel syndrome
1) A 67-year-old male who is known to have ischaemic
heart diseases and transient ischaemic attacks, presents with abdominal pain
related to meals. The pain comes on shortly after he eats and this has made
him reduce his intake of food and lose weight. On examination there is a bruit
over the upper abdomen.
2) A 56-year-old businessman presents with epigastric
pain. The pain is gnawing in nature and is relieved by food but increases when
he is hungry and wakes him up from his sleep in the early hours of the
morning. He is stressed at work and smokes heavily.
3) A 30-year-old male presents with severe abdominal pain
of acute onset. The pain is relieved by leaning forward. He gives a history of
binge drinking and admits to a recent binge. On examination he looks unwell,
there is generalised tenderness over his abdomen and there is bruising in the
4) A 72 year old male who has had a previous myocardial
infarction and stroke is admitted with abdominal pain, diarrhoea and bleeding
per rectum. He awoke from his sleep with severe left sided abdominal pain and
this was followed by profuse watery diarrhoea and later he began passing fresh
blood per rectum. On examination he looked unwell was tachycardic and there
was a systolic bruit audible over the central abdomen.
5) A 27-year-old female presents with a history of
abdominal pain of several months duration. She admits to passing loose motions
and she has lost weight. She smokes 20 cigarettes per day. On examination
there are painful tender erythematous nodules over her shins and there is a
tender mass in the right iliac fossa.