Causes of hypertension
Polycythaemia rubra vera
Renal artery stenosis
Coarctation of the aorta
Match one of the causes of hypertension listed above to
the appropriate clinical scenario given below:
1) A 25-year-old female is found to be hypertensive. On
abdominal palpation there are ballotable masses in both flanks
2) A 56-year-old female, who is centrally obese, has a
moon face and buffalo hump. Abdominal examination reveals multiple striae.
3) An 18-year-old male is found to be hypertensive. On
examination of his pulse, there is radio-femoral delay and he has a systolic
murmur at the base of the heart.
4) A 63-year old female presents with hypertension. On
abdominal examination a bruit is heard in the upper abdomen.
5) A 63-year-old male is found to be hypertensive. He complains that his
wedding ring is tight and he has had to buy bigger shoes.