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 EMQ 24

 

   

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EMQ: 24

Lesions seen on ophthalmoscopy

a)      Papilloedema

b)      Papillitis

c)      Optic atrophy

d)      Glaucoma

e)      Central retinal artery occlusion

f)        Angioid streaks

g)      Central retinal vein occlusion

h)      Choroidoretinitis

i)        Retinitis pigmentosa

j)        Drusen

1) On examination of the fundus you note linear dark-red streaks beneath the blood vessels

2) On examination of the fundus you note the disc is swollen. It is red and appears cloudy with exudates on the disc and in the overlying vitreous

The veins are not distended

3) On examination of the fundus you note that the fundus is pale. There are few vessels, which look thin. There is a cherry red spot at the macula

4) On examination of the fundus you note black pigment, which has the appearance of bone corpuscles, scattered throughout the retina

5) On examination of the fundus you note that the veins are tortuous and engorged. Multiple haemorrhages and soft exudates are seen. There is papilloedema

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