Left sided pleural effusion
Right sided pleural effusion
Left sided pneumothorax
Right sided pneumothorax
Right apical collapse
Right apical consolidation
1) A 56-year-old male presenting with cough and fever. On
examination he is febrile, no clubbing, trachea midline, respiratory movements
decreased at right apex, vocal fremitus increased at the right apex,
percussion note dull at the right apex.
Bronchial breathing at the right apex with fine
inspiratory crepitations localised to the right apex. Vocal resonance
increased at the right apex.
2) A 63-year-old male presents with dyspnoea. On
examination he is afebrile, the trachea is deviated to the left, respiratory
movements are decreased at the right base, vocal fremitus is decreased at the
right base. Percussion note is stony dull at the right base, breath sounds are
diminished at the right base, vocal resonance is decreased at the right base
and there is aegophony at the upper limit of the area of dullness.
3) A 62-year-old female with progressive breathlessness.
On examination she has clubbing and there are fine late inspiratory
crepitations at both lung bases
4) A 26-year-old male presents with sudden onset chest
pain and breathlessness. On examination his trachea is deviated to the right,
respiratory movements are decreased on the left hand side. Percussion note is
hyper-resonant on the left hand side. Breath sounds are decreased on the left
5) A 40-year-old male with a chronic productive cough and
recurrent respiratory infections. He gives a history of whooping cough in
On examination he is clubbed, there are coarse
crepitations at both bases of the lings. The crepitations change when the
patient is asked to cough.